F I L E D
United States Court of Appeals
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
JUL 5 2002
TIMOTHY R. LOCKABY,
Plaintiff - Appellant, No. 02-6033
v. (D.C. No. 00-CV-1285-L)
L. L. YOUNG; LARRY HAHN; JACK (W. D. Oklahoma)
PALMER; CECIL YOUNG; BOB
TOMLINSON; TOM LEWIS;
DOTTIE STREET; GENE BROOKS;
BRENDA BROOKS; ROBERT
BERNARD, Doctor; SHYAMYANT
KULKARNI, Doctor; and GEORGE
Defendants - Appellees.
ORDER AND JUDGMENT *
Before EBEL , LUCERO , and HARTZ , Circuit Judges.
After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined
to honor the request of the parties for a decision on the briefs without oral
This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the
doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. The court
generally disfavors the citation of orders and judgments; nevertheless, an order
and judgment may be cited under the terms and conditions of 10th Cir. R. 36.3.
argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(f); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). This case is therefore
ordered submitted without oral argument.
Defendants are employees of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections
(ODC). Plaintiff brought a § 1983 claim, alleging that they violated his Eighth
Amendment rights while he was incarcerated at the Oklahoma State Reformatory
in Granite, Oklahoma, by failing to provide a safe environment or adequate
medical care. His complaint also raised tort claims under state law.
Plaintiff, appearing pro se, appeals the district court order granting
summary judgment for Defendants. He appears to raise four issues on appeal: (1)
whether the evidence before the district court showed a genuine issue of material
fact, precluding summary judgment; (2) whether the court should have allowed
Plaintiff more time to conduct discovery before granting Defendants' motion for
summary judgment; (3) whether this court should allow Plaintiff to amend his
complaint to state a cause of action arising out of events which occurred after he
filed his complaint; and (4) whether the district court abused its discretion by not
granting Plaintiff's motion for post-judgment relief. Our jurisdiction arises under
28 U.S.C. § 1291. We affirm the district court's grant of summary judgment on
Plaintiff's § 1983 claims and its denial of Plaintiff's post-judgment motion. Also,
we deny Plaintiff's motion to amend. We must, however, reverse the district
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court judgment in part and remand with instructions to dismiss without prejudice
the state tort law claims raised by Plaintiff.
The underlying facts are not disputed. On March 23, 2000, Plaintiff
stepped into an uncovered manhole located on prison grounds and injured himself.
Until moments before his fall, the manhole had been covered with a piece of
three-quarter-inch plywood. The plywood, however, had been washed away by
runoff water from a rainstorm. The same runoff obscured the hole. A guard
noticed the potential danger and shouted to Plaintiff to look out, but he did not
hear the warning in time. The make-shift manhole cover was replaced by a
permanent metal one on March 28, 2000.
After his accident Plaintiff received extensive medical care; he was treated
at the prison medical facility on numerous occasions and saw several specialists,
including an orthopedist, a urologist, and a neurologist. His doctors prescribed
various medications and treatment programs and conducted numerous tests (x-
rays, MRI, and blood and urine tests) to determine the cause of his ailments.
After almost a year, Plaintiff's doctors determined that he had a spinal injury that
would require surgery to correct. He underwent the prescribed operation on
January 25, 2001.
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Prior to his surgery, Plaintiff filed the complaint in this case. The district
court referred the matter to a magistrate judge, who ordered the ODC to submit a
Special Report. See Martinez v. Aaron, 570 F.2d 317
(10th Cir. 1978). In the
same order the magistrate judge prohibited any further discovery until the Special
Report had been filed.
After completion of the Special Report, Defendants filed a Motion to
Dismiss/Motion for Summary Judgment. The magistrate judge entered an order
explaining to Plaintiff that he was required to respond to Defendants' motion and
that his response would have to comply with Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure. The order also stated that to defeat Defendants' motion, Plaintiff's
response would have to be supported by "affidavits and/or documents to set forth
specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue of material fact to be litigated
at the trial." Plaintiff filed a timely and lengthy response, discussing the facts of
the case and providing supporting documentation. Plaintiff made no argument in
his response that he lacked adequate time to discover information material to his
case, nor did he ask for additional time in which to conduct discovery.
Based on the documents before him, the magistrate judge entered his
Report and Recommendation that Defendants' motion for summary judgment be
granted. The magistrate judge determined that there were no genuine issues of
material fact relating to either of Plaintiff's Eighth Amendment claims. He found
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no evidence that the ODC Defendants acted with deliberate indifference to
Plaintiff's health or safety with regard to the conditions that caused Plaintiff's
injury. See Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825
, 834 (1994); Perkins v. Kan. Dep't
of Corr., 165 F.3d 803
, 807 (10th Cir. 1999). Nor did he find any evidence that
Defendants acted with deliberate indifference to Plaintiff's serious medical needs
by failing to provide him with adequate medical care after his fall. See Estelle v.
Gamble, 429 U.S. 97
, 104-06 (1976); Daniels v. Gilbreath, 668 F.2d 477
(10th Cir. 1982). The magistrate judge further recommended that the district
court decline to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the state law claims.
Plaintiff asked for and received a time extension to file a response to the
Report and Recommendation. In his response he claimed that he had not had
enough time to conduct proper discovery. He also asserted that he intended to
conduct discovery to substantiate his claims (1) regarding Defendants'
administration of, or failure to administer, pain medication and (2) regarding
Defendants' failure to securely cover the manhole. He did not, however, explain
why further discovery would enable him to obtain material information not
already before the court. The Special Report contained copies of Plaintiff's
medical records and his doctor's affidavit; and Plaintiff's own response to
Defendants' summary judgment motion contained incident reports describing the
events surrounding his accident. There appears to be no dispute as to the facts.
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The district court entered an order adopting the magistrate judge's Report
and Recommendation "in its entirety," but mentioned only the § 1983 claims, not
the state law claims, and the judgment simply stated that "judgment is hereby
entered in favor of defendants . . . and against plaintiff Timothy Lockaby."
Plaintiff filed a Motion for Reconsideration, in which he again alleged lack
of adequate time to conduct discovery. He claimed that the magistrate judge's
earlier order directing the ODC to prepare the Special Report suspended his
discovery efforts, and the subsequent order advising him of his responsibilities in
responding to Defendants' summary judgment motion was inadequate to inform
him that he was allowed to resume discovery. The district court denied the
A. Summary Judgment
The only argument clearly stated in Plaintiff's brief is that the court did not
allow him to conduct discovery before it granted Defendants' summary judgment
motion. Nevertheless, because we construe the pleadings of pro se parties
liberally, see Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106
, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991), we will also
address what may be Plaintiff's further claim that summary judgment was
improper even based on the record before the district court.
[End Page 6]
We review the grant of a motion for summary judgment de novo. Applied
Genetics Int'l, Inc. v. First Affiliated Sec., Inc., 912 F.2d 1238
, 1241 (10th Cir.
1990). We apply the same legal standard used by the district court under Rule
56(c) and "examine the record to determine if any genuine issue of material fact
was in dispute; if not, the court must decide if the substantive law was correctly
applied." Osgood v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 848 F.2d 141
, 143 (10th Cir.
1988). We examine the factual record in the light most favorable to the non-
moving party. Gray v. Phillips Petroleum Co., 858 F.2d 610
, 613 (10th Cir.
1988). The non-moving party may not, however, rely solely on its pleadings but
must set forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial with
regard to those dispositive matters for which it carries the burden of proof.
Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317
, 324 (1986).
As for Plaintiff's contention that summary judgment was improper because
there was evidence in the record showing genuine issues of material fact, we
agree with the district court's conclusion that there was no basis shown for
Plaintiff's § 1983 claim. We therefore affirm the district court's decision for
substantially the reasons set forth by the district court in its order filed
November 27, 2001, and by the magistrate judge in his report filed February 28,
We now turn to Plaintiff's assertion that he is entitled to relief because the
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magistrate judge did not allow him to conduct discovery in order to bolster his
argument against summary judgment. A party opposing summary judgment may
be entitled to a delay in proceedings in order to conduct discovery. See Fed. R.
Civ. P. 56(f); Comm. for the First Amendment v. Campbell, 962 F.2d 1517
(10th Cir. 1992). But the party must do more than simply allege that further
discovery is necessary; "the party must demonstrate precisely how additional
discovery will lead to a genuine issue of material fact." Ben Ezra, Weinstein &
Co., Inc. v. Am. Online Inc., 206 F.3d 980
, 987 (10th Cir. 2000).
Here, the contents of Plaintiff's pleadings on the matter are either
inapposite or conclusory, alleging only that if given more time to conduct
discovery, he could obtain the information necessary to show a genuine issue of
material fact. Because Plaintiff failed to explain adequately how further
discovery would have shown the existence of such an issue, the district court did
not err in rejecting his request for more time.
B. Request to Amend Complaint
In his opening brief on appeal, Plaintiff expresses his desire to amend his
complaint to include allegations of "retaliatory transportation" and failure to
provide adequate medical care, which relate to the conditions under which he was
transported from the hospital after his back surgery. We decline this request. An
appellate court will not entertain a motion to amend a complaint not properly
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raised before the district court. See Tele-Communications, Inc. v. C.I.R., 104 F.3d 1229
, 1232 (10th Cir. 1997) (appellate court will not consider an issue raised for
the first time on appeal). Although Plaintiff did complain about his post-surgery
treatment in his response to Defendants' summary judgment motion, he never
moved the court to amend his complaint to include additional claims arising from
C. Post-judgment Relief
Plaintiff's briefs also appear to challenge the district court's denial of his
post-judgment motion for relief. Preliminarily, we observe that although the
district court treated Plaintiff's motion as one falling under Rule 60(b) of the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, perhaps it was a Rule 59(e) motion. Which rule
is the applicable one depends upon whether the motion was filed within ten days
of the date of judgment. The district court entered its judgment on July 12, 2001.
Thus, the ten-day deadline for filing a timely motion under Rule 59(e) expired on
July 26, 2001. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a). Although Plaintiff's motion was not
stamped by the court clerk until July 31, 2001, the "prisoner mailbox rule"
provides that an inmate's pleadings are deemed filed as of the date on which they
are deposited into the appropriate prison mailing system. See Houston v. Lack,
487 U.S. 266
, 275-76 (1988); United States v. Warner, 54 F.3d 788
, 1995 WL
307586, at *2 (10th Cir. 1995) (unpublished decision) (holding that "prisoner
[End Page 9]
mailbox rule" is applicable to filings in district court proceedings). Plaintiff's
post-judgment motion contained a "certificate of mailing" indicating that the
document had been mailed on July 25, 2001â€"within ten days of the entrance of
the judgment. Such a certificate may have been sufficient to afford Plaintiff the
benefit of the prisoner mailbox rule. See Bridgeforth v. Gibson, 162 F.3d 1172
1998 WL 729256, at *4 n.2 (10th Cir. 1998) (unpublished decision).
In any event, we need not resolve this issue here; both Rule 60(b) and Rule
59(e) rulings are reviewed for an abuse of discretion. See Campbell, 962 F.2d at
1523 (Rule 59(e)); Campbell v. Bartlett, 975 F.2d 1569
, 1580 n.15 (10th Cir.
1992) (Rule 60(b)). Because the district court properly granted Defendants'
summary judgment motion and Plaintiff has failed to show any additional
evidence or circumstances that would undermine the summary judgment
determination, the district court did not abuse its discretion in denying Plaintiff's
motion, however styled. Therefore, we affirm the district court's denial of
Plaintiff's motion for post-judgment relief.
D. State Tort Claims
Finally, we note an oversight by the district court in entering judgment.
The district court's order adopted the magistrate judge's recommendations, but
both the order and judgment failed to address Plaintiff's state law claims. The
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judgment of the district court should be corrected to dismiss the state tort claims
without prejudice. We remand for this purpose.
We AFFIRM the judgment below with respect to Plaintiff's § 1983 claims,
but we REVERSE the judgment with respect to the state law claims and
REMAND with instructions to correct the judgment so that Plaintiff's state law
claims are dismissed without prejudice.
Entered for the Court
Harris L Hartz
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