UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
WILLIAM A. JOHNSON,
aka TATTOO BILLY
William A. Johnson,
On Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
(D.C. Criminal No. 2-07-cr-00075-002)
District Judge: Honorable Harvey Bartle, III
Submitted Under Third Circuit LAR 34.1(a)
June 21, 2011
Before: HARDIMAN, ALDISERT, Circuit Judges,
and RESTANI,* Judge
(Filed: June 23, 2011)
OPINION OF THE COURT
Honorable Jane A. Restani, Judge of the United States Court of International
Trade, sitting by designation.
Appellant William Johnson appeals his sentence of 348 months' imprisonment for,
inter alia, conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine. For the following reasons, we will
affirm the district court's judgment.
Because we write for the parties, we recount only the essential facts and procedural
history. In October 2007, a jury found Johnson guilty of multiple crimes, including
conspiracy to distribute "500 grams or more of a mixture or substance containing a
detectable amount of methamphetamine." 21 U.S.C. § 841(b)(1)(A)(viii). At the
sentencing hearing, the district court attributed a drug quantity of 11.34 kilograms to
Johnson, and, as a result, calculated an offense level of thirty-nine (39), which consisted
of a base offense level of thirty-six (36), U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual
§ 2D1.1(c)(2), and a three-level enhancement for performing a managerial or supervisory
role, U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual § 3B1.1. See United States v. Heilman, 377 F.
App'x 157, 167 (3d Cir. 2010). Johnson was sentenced to 360 months imprisonment, a
five-year term of probation, forfeiture of specific tangible property, and a special
assessment of $500. See id. at 166â€"67. This sentence was later reduced to 348 months
after we upheld his conviction, but held he could not be sentenced as a career offender.
Id. at 221. Johnson now claims that the district court's findings as to drug quantity and
his role in the conspiracy, which were made under a preponderance of the evidence
[End Page 2]
standard, violated his Sixth Amendment right to a jury trial. This claim lacks merit.
This Court has jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291 and 18 U.S.C. § 3742. We
"review factual findings relevant to the Guidelines for clear error and to exercise plenary
review over a district court's interpretation of the Guidelines." United States v. Grier,
475 F.3d 556
, 570 (3d Cir. 2007) (en banc).
Under 21 U.S.C. § 841, a "person shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment
which may not be less than 10 years or more than life . . . ." 21 U.S.C. § 841(b)(1)(A).
"Judicial factfinding in the course of selecting a sentence within the permissible range
does not offend the Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights to a jury trial and proof beyond a
reasonable doubt." Grier, 475 F.3d at 562. The district court's factfinding, therefore, did
not violate Johnson's constitutional rights because the sentence of 348 months did not
exceed the statutory maximum of life imprisonment.1 See Grier, 475 F.3d at 564
(providing that "[t]he maximum legislatively authorized punishment to which the
defendant is exposed is no longer the maximum prescribed by the Guidelines; instead it is
the maximum prescribed by the United States Code"); see also United States v. Booker,
543 U.S. 220
, 227 (2005) (providing that 21 U.S.C. § 841 "prescribes a minimum
sentence of 10 years in prison and a maximum sentence of life for that offense").2
Cunningham v. California, 549 U.S. 270
(2007), does not support Johnson's
position because the defendant's sentence in that case exceeded the range prescribed by
the California penal code. See id. at 282â€"83, 294.
In a Rule 28(j) letter, the defendant now requests a remand for resentencing in
[End Page 3]
Accordingly, we will affirm the district court's judgment.
light of the recent Supreme Court decision, Pepper v. United States, 131 S. Ct. 1229
(2011). Specifically, he claims that Pepper supports his proposition that his post-sentence
rehabilitation should be considered by the sentencing judge. The District Court, however,
considered the defendant's post-sentencing rehabilitation at the resentencing hearing.
Thus, nothing more is required under Pepper.
[End Page 4]