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Whoever, having devised or intending to devise any scheme or artifice to defraud, or for obtaining money or property by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises, or to sell, dispose of, loan, exchange, alter, give away, distribute, supply, or furnish or procure for unlawful use any counterfeit or spurious coin, obligation, security, or other article, or anything represented to be or intimated or held out to be such counterfeit or spurious article, for the purpose of executing such scheme or artifice or attempting so to do, places in any post office or authorized depository for mail matter, any matter or thing whatever to be sent or delivered by the Postal Service, or deposits or causes to be deposited any matter or thing whatever to be sent or delivered by any private or commercial interstate carrier, or takes or receives therefrom, any such matter or thing, or knowingly causes to be delivered by mail or such carrier according to the direction thereon, or at the place at which it is directed to be delivered by the person to whom it is addressed, any such matter or thing, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both. If the violation occurs in relation to, or involving any benefit authorized, transported, transmitted, transferred, disbursed, or paid in connection with, a presidentially declared major disaster or emergency (as those terms are defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)), or affects a financial institution, such person shall be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 30 years, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 763; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, Â§34, 63 Stat. 94; Pub. L. 91â€“375, Â§(6)(j)(11), Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 778; Pub. L. 101â€“73, title IX, Â§961(i), Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 500; Pub. L. 101â€“647, title XXV, Â§2504(h), Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4861; Pub. L. 103â€“322, title XXV, Â§250006, title XXXIII, Â§330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2087, 2147; Pub. L. 107â€“204, title IX, Â§903(a), July 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 805; Pub. L. 110â€“179, Â§4, Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2557.)
Historical and Revision Notes
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Â§338 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, Â§215, 35 Stat. 1130).
The obsolete argot of the underworld was deleted as suggested by Hon. Emerich B. Freed, United States district judge, in a paper read before the 1944 Judicial Conference for the sixth circuit in which he said:
A brief reference to Â§1341, which proposes to reenact the present section covering the use of the mails to defraud. This section is almost a page in length, is involved, and contains a great deal of superfluous language, including such terms as â€œsawdust swindle, green articles, green coin, green goods and green cigars.â€ This section could be greatly simplified, and now-meaningless language eliminated.
The other surplusage was likewise eliminated and the section simplified without change of meaning.
A reference to causing to be placed any letter, etc. in any post office, or station thereof, etc. was omitted as unnecessary because of definition of â€œprincipalâ€ in section 2 of this title.
This section [section 34] corrects a typographical error in section 1341 of title 18, U.S.C.
2008â€”Pub. L. 110â€“179 inserted â€œoccurs in relation to, or involving any benefit authorized, transported, transmitted, transferred, disbursed, or paid in connection with, a presidentially declared major disaster or emergency (as those terms are defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)), orâ€ after â€œIf the violationâ€.
2002â€”Pub. L. 107â€“204 substituted â€œ20 yearsâ€ for â€œfive yearsâ€.
1994â€”Pub. L. 103â€“322, Â§330016(1)(H), substituted â€œfined under this titleâ€ for â€œfined not more than $1,000â€ after â€œthing, shall beâ€.
Pub. L. 103â€“322, Â§250006, inserted â€œor deposits or causes to be deposited any matter or thing whatever to be sent or delivered by any private or commercial interstate carrier,â€ after â€œPostal Service,â€ and â€œor such carrierâ€ after â€œcauses to be delivered by mailâ€.
1990â€”Pub. L. 101â€“647 substituted â€œ30â€ for â€œ20â€ before â€œyearsâ€.
1989â€”Pub. L. 101â€“73 inserted at end â€œIf the violation affects a financial institution, such person shall be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.â€
1970â€”Pub. L. 91â€“375 substituted â€œPostal Serviceâ€ for â€œPost Office Departmentâ€.
1949â€”Act May 24, 1949, substituted â€œofâ€ for â€œorâ€ after â€œdisposeâ€.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 91â€“375 effective within 1 year after Aug. 12, 1970, on date established therefor by Board of Governors of United States Postal Service and published by it in Federal Register, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91â€“375, set out as an Effective Date note preceding section 101 of Title 39, Postal Service.
Short Title of 2002 Amendment
Pub. L. 107â€“204, title IX, Â§901, July 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 804, provided that: â€œThis title [enacting sections 1349 and 1350 of this title, amending this section, section 1343 of this title, and section 1131 of Title 29, Labor, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 994 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure] may be cited as the â€˜White-Collar Crime Penalty Enhancement Act of 2002â€™.â€